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[1777.a-c] Coffin, Object, Registered, Africa, Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes: West Bank
1770 inner coffin

Accession Number 1777.a-c
Object Name Coffin
Human mummy
Human Remains
Description Set of two wooden coffins which nest inside each other, together with the unwrapped mummy of the deceased, who was a woman named Asru.

The inner and outer coffins are painted with religious scenes and inscriptions, identifying Asru as a priestess of Amun at Thebes. Asru's mummy had already been unwrapped before it entered the Museum's collection in 1825. Her mummified internal organs were originally wrapped in linen and placed on her thighs in the burial. A reconstruction of Asru's face and head was made in the 1970s by Richard Neave (see photo). Research on the mummy indicates that Asru died around age 60 and suffered from arthritis and a parasitic bladder infection (bilharzia or schistosomiasis).

Unrecorded provenance but possibly Luxor.

The mummy was CT-scanned at Manchester Children's Hospital on 3/5/12.
Length (cm) 150.0
Primary Materials Human Remains
Wood
Period/Dynasty Late Period (Dyn. 26)
Site Name Africa, Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes: West Bank
Acquisition Garrett, Robert and William (Donation, 1825)
Bibliography
C. Price, 'The Chantress Asru: the Manchester Mummies and Modern Science' in P. Bahn (ed.) 2012 Written in bones: How human Remains unlock the secrets of the dead (Quintet: London), 211-213. R. David, (ed.) 1986. Science in Egyptology (Manchester University press), 39, 58, 59, 348, 352, 353, R. David, (ed.) 2008. Egyptian Mummies and Modern Science. (Cambridge university press: New York), 46,47, 48, 110, 112, 130, 145, 160, 213 R. David and E. Tapp, 1984. Evidence embalmed.( Manchester university press), 16, 70-1, 73, 77, 88, 94, 135, 136. R. David, and E. Tapp, (eds.) 1992. The mummy’s tale: the scientific and medical investigation of Natsef-Amun, Priest in the Temple at Karnak. (Michael O’Mara Books Ltd: London) R. David, ‘A catalogue of Egyptian Human Remains and Animal Mummified Remains’ in R. David (ed.) 1979 The Manchester Museum Mummy Project. (W. S. Maney and son ltd: Leeds), 4, 5, 12,
I. Isherwood, H. Jarvis and R. A. Fawcitt. ‘Radiology of the Manchester Mummies’ in R. David (ed.) 1979 The Manchester Museum Mummy Project. (W. S. Maney and son ltd: Leeds) 25-31, 37, 38, 48-50,
F. Filce. Leek, ‘The Dental History of the Manchester Mummies’ in R. David (ed.) 1979 The Manchester Museum Mummy Project. (W. S. Maney and son ltd: Leeds) ,70
A. Fletcher, ‘The Fingerprint Examination’ in R. David (ed.) 1979 The Manchester Museum Mummy Project. (W. S. Maney and son ltd: Leeds), 79-82
E. Tapp, ‘Disease in the Manchester Mummies’ in R. David (ed.) 1979 The Manchester Museum Mummy Project. (W. S. Maney and son ltd: Leeds), 95, 99, 102
A. Curry, C. Anfield and E. Tapp, ‘Electron Microscopy of the Manchester Mummies’ in R. David (ed.) 1979 The Manchester Museum Mummy Project. (W. S. Maney and son ltd: Leeds), 104-6, 108,
A. R. David ‘Conclusion’ Mummies’ in R. David (ed.) 1979 The Manchester Museum Mummy Project. (W. S. Maney and son ltd: Leeds), 159, R. David, (ed.) 1978, Mysteries of the Mummies (Cassell Ltd: New York), 8, 58, 78, 128, 133-4, 143,
R. Archbold and R. David, 2000, Conversations with Mummies (HarperCollins Illustrated: London), 12, 13, 134, 135, 144, 149, P. I. Lambert-Zazulak, P. Rutherford, R. David, 2003, The International Ancient Egyptian Mummy Tissue Bank at the Manchester Museum as a Resource for the Palaeoepidemiological Study of Schistosomiasis, World Archaeology 35, (2) 223-240 P. Rutherford, 2000, The Diagnosis of Schistosomiasis in modern and ancient tissues by means of immunocytochemistry, Chungara: Revista de Antropología Chilena, 22 (1) 127-131 R. David and V. Garner, 2003, Asru, An Ancient Egyptian Temple Chantress: Modern Spectrometric Studies As Part of the Manchester Egyptian Mummy Research Project, Molecular and Structural Archaeology: Cosmetic and Therapeutic Chemicals, 117, 153-162
Multimedia
1777 inner coffin
1777
1777
1777 outer coffin
Reconstruction
Unwrapped mummy of Asru
Unwrapped mummy of Asru
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